On 17th December 2010, in Tunisia, a 26-year old vegetable vendor doused himself because of local municipal authorities refused to hear his plea after his vegetable produce got confiscated and his deceased father was insulted by a local policewoman. Subsequently, there was a protest in his town Sidi Bouzid [190 miles South of Tunis] and subsequently the heavy-handed response by police sparked a wave of violent street protests through and ousted the longtime President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali on 14th January 2011.
2] Just after Tunisia, couple weeks later, Protests broke out in Egypt on 25 January 2011, ran for nearly 3 weeks. During this time, President Hosni Mubarak and his government attempted to block country’s internet access to stop protestors using social media for organizing protests and later he dismissed government, appointed new cabinet with significant transfer of power to Vice President Omar Suleiman but protests continued pressing for President’s resignation.
3] Finally, President Hosni Mubarak relented, resigned and gave up the power to Egyptian Armed forces. Its supreme council vowed the lifting up of 30-year old emergency laws and suspended the constitution. Hosni Mubarak and few of his members of government were convicted life in prison for their failure to stop the killings during first few of days 2011 Egyptian Revolution. Meanwhile, his successor [Mohamed Morsi] from Muslim Brotherhood Party was sworn in as Egypt’s first democratically elected president before judges at the Supreme Constitutional Court.
4] On 15th of February 2011, protests broke out against Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in Benghazi, Libya which officially started the uprising which spread all across of Libyan borders and soon turned into a civil war. While EU and others announced “no fly zones” in the name of civilians to contain the regime’s security forces which gave room to rebel forces. In the last couple weeks of August 2011, Battle of Tripoli, occurred in Libya. Rebel forces captured and effectively gained control of the capital city of Tripoli and practically made the ruling regime powerless. On 20th October 2011, in the city of Sirte, Gaddafi was captured and killed, by rebels. On 23rd of October 2011, National Transitional Council officially declared an end to the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
5] On 10th of January 2012, the President of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, gave a speech, in which he blamed the uprising on foreigners, and said that it would require the co-operation of all Syrians, in order to stop the rebels. On 15th of July 2012, the International Committee of the Red Cross officially declared that the Syrian uprising was now a civil war. On 18th July 2012, a bombing in Damascus killed many members of President Bashar al-Assad’s inner circle, including his brother-in-law, Asef Shawkat and the civil war continues even today more viciously as ever.
6] In January 2011, shortly after Tunisian government got ousted, protests broke out and built up in the Yemen’s capital city of Sana’a. From demostrations for unempolyement, amending the constitution etc it shifted focus asking President Ali Abdullah Saleh to step down from power. He refused to these demands but unrest continued and bloody clashes erupted between security forces and few hundreds of Islamic Militants who took over coastal city of Zinjibar on the last weeks of May 2011. President Saleh flew to Sauidi Arabia and the King Abdullah broked a deal, transfer of power to Vice President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi didn’t yield much results but eventually Mr Hadi sworn in as took over as President of Yemen after winning the elections which were held in 2012.